Diarrhea is a defecation with a greater amount of stool than normal (normal 100-200 ml per hour of stool), with fluid or half-liquid (half-solid) stools, may also be accompanied by volume and frequency of defecation or improvement increased bowel movements. According to WHO diarrhea is a watery or liquid bowel movement more than three times a day. Diarrhea is a symptom of other health problems, such as an infection or a virus. Chronic diarrhea for more than 4 months can be a sign of serious illness, such as intestinal infections. The causes of diarrhea can be a symptom of injury, disease, allergies (fructose, lactose), diseases of food or excess vitamin C. Usually accompanied by abdominal pain and often vomiting. This occurs when insufficient fluid is absorbed by the large intestine. As part of the digest processor because of fluid intake, food is mixed with large amounts of water. Therefore, digested food consists of fluid before it reaches the large intestine. The large intestine absorbs water, leaving the other material as a semi-solid dung. When the colon is damaged or inflamed, absorption does not occur and the result is watery stools.
Diarrhea can be a symptom of a more serious illness, such as dysentery, cholera or botulism, and can also be a syndrome like Crohn’s disease. Although appendicitis sufferers generally do not experience diarrhea, diarrhea is a common symptom of appendicitis. Diarrhea can also be caused by excessive alcohol consumption, wasted in someone who is not eating enough. Treatment for patients to consume sufficient water for lost purposes, preferably mixed with electrolytes to provide the required salt and nutrients. For many people, further treatment and official medication are not needed.
The old presumption that diarrhea occurs only because children eat food that is not clean. There are still many causes of child diarrhea, although one is food.
Virus infection. A virus called Rotavirus contributes to the cause of diarrhea. WHO data that states, 15-25% of diarrhea in children aged 6-24 months are due to this virus.
Bacterial Infection. Bacteria such as Shigella, Vibrio cholera, Salmonella (non-thyroid), Campylobacter and Escherichia coli are ‘criminals’ for childhood diarrhea. The victims of diarrhea are attacking these bacteria with seizures, there is blood in the stool.
Parasite. Diarrhea may also be accompanied by microscopic parasites that live in the intestine. Symptoms that appear usually produce a lot of gas, the amount of stool is very much and smells rotten.
Antibiotics. If the child is exposed to diarrhea during antibiotic use, it may be related to the treatment under treatment. Antibiotics work to kill good bacteria in the gut. Consult your doctor about this. Do not stop treatment before the doctor gives consent.
Food and Drink. Consumption of foods that are too sour, sweet, spicy or salty to cause diarrhea.
Food Allergies. Food allergies such as eggs, soybeans, nuts, and fish can be various reactions, one of them diarrhea. However, nature is short or it only happens a few hours until the food that was consumed was lost or removed from the body.
Food Intolerance. Natural with food allergies, food intolerance is no immune system. Examples of food intolerance lactose intolerance; the child does not produce enough lactase, the enzyme needed to digest lactose. Diarrhea is one of the symptoms.